James Taylor – The man who brewed “Tea” in Ceylon
After nearly one and half century, Ceylon tea can still be picked up in shops in many parts of the globe. James Taylor the man, who planted, processed and brewed tea in Ceylon, arrived in the island in 1852, after signing an agreement in London in 1851, to plant coffee in Naranghena Estate under Geroge Pride another European planter. After a stint of about two months he was sent to Loolkandura to clear the land for coffee. Continued till 1857, the opportunity reached him when the new owners of Loolkandura thought of diversification. His continued experimentation saw results when he planted the maiden twenty acres in his land of luck. He became the mentor, tutor and instructor to the pluckers, in teaching the art of picking the bud and the two leaves.
The Grading of Ceylon Tea
Ceylon tea is divided into two groups: They are primarily the Leaf grades that were originally made by the Ceylon pioneers, and secondly the smaller Broken grades which are in style today.
Leaf grades are usually divided into:
v Orange Pekoe (O.P)
v Pekoe (Pek.)
v Souchong (Sou.)
Broken grades are divided into:
v Broken Orange Pekoe (B.O.P)
v Broken Pekoe (B.P.)
v Broken Pekoe Souchong (B.P.S)
v Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings (B.O.P.F)
v Dust (D)